Like many producers of quality operating systems, the FreeBSD Project has a security team which is responsible for determining the End-of-Life (EoL) date for each FreeBSD release and to provide security updates for supported releases which have not yet reached their EoL. More information about the FreeBSD security team and the supported releases is available on the FreeBSD security page.
One task of the security team is to respond to reported security vulnerabilities in the FreeBSD operating system. Once a vulnerability is confirmed, the security team verifies the steps necessary to fix the vulnerability and updates the source code with the fix. It then publishes the details as a “Security Advisory”. Security advisories are published on the FreeBSD website and mailed to the freebsd-security-notifications, freebsd-security, and freebsd-announce mailing lists.
This section describes the format of a FreeBSD security advisory.
Here is an example of a FreeBSD security advisory:
============================================================================= -----BEGIN PGP SIGNED MESSAGE----- Hash: SHA512 ============================================================================= FreeBSD-SA-14:04.bind Security Advisory The FreeBSD Project Topic: BIND remote denial of service vulnerability Category: contrib Module: bind Announced: 2014-01-14 Credits: ISC Affects: FreeBSD 8.x and FreeBSD 9.x Corrected: 2014-01-14 19:38:37 UTC (stable/9, 9.2-STABLE) 2014-01-14 19:42:28 UTC (releng/9.2, 9.2-RELEASE-p3) 2014-01-14 19:42:28 UTC (releng/9.1, 9.1-RELEASE-p10) 2014-01-14 19:38:37 UTC (stable/8, 8.4-STABLE) 2014-01-14 19:42:28 UTC (releng/8.4, 8.4-RELEASE-p7) 2014-01-14 19:42:28 UTC (releng/8.3, 8.3-RELEASE-p14) CVE Name: CVE-2014-0591 For general information regarding FreeBSD Security Advisories, including descriptions of the fields above, security branches, and the following sections, please visit <URL:http://security.FreeBSD.org/>. I. Background BIND 9 is an implementation of the Domain Name System (DNS) protocols. The named(8) daemon is an Internet Domain Name Server. II. Problem Description Because of a defect in handling queries for NSEC3-signed zones, BIND can crash with an "INSIST" failure in name.c when processing queries possessing certain properties. This issue only affects authoritative nameservers with at least one NSEC3-signed zone. Recursive-only servers are not at risk. III. Impact An attacker who can send a specially crafted query could cause named(8) to crash, resulting in a denial of service. IV. Workaround No workaround is available, but systems not running authoritative DNS service with at least one NSEC3-signed zone using named(8) are not vulnerable. V. Solution Perform one of the following: 1) Upgrade your vulnerable system to a supported FreeBSD stable or release / security branch (releng) dated after the correction date. 2) To update your vulnerable system via a source code patch: The following patches have been verified to apply to the applicable FreeBSD release branches. a) Download the relevant patch from the location below, and verify the detached PGP signature using your PGP utility. [FreeBSD 8.3, 8.4, 9.1, 9.2-RELEASE and 8.4-STABLE] # fetch http://security.FreeBSD.org/patches/SA-14:04/bind-release.patch # fetch http://security.FreeBSD.org/patches/SA-14:04/bind-release.patch.asc # gpg --verify bind-release.patch.asc [FreeBSD 9.2-STABLE] # fetch http://security.FreeBSD.org/patches/SA-14:04/bind-stable-9.patch # fetch http://security.FreeBSD.org/patches/SA-14:04/bind-stable-9.patch.asc # gpg --verify bind-stable-9.patch.asc b) Execute the following commands as root: # cd /usr/src # patch < /path/to/patch Recompile the operating system using buildworld and installworld as described in <URL:http://www.FreeBSD.org/handbook/makeworld.html>. Restart the applicable daemons, or reboot the system. 3) To update your vulnerable system via a binary patch: Systems running a RELEASE version of FreeBSD on the i386 or amd64 platforms can be updated via the freebsd-update(8) utility: # freebsd-update fetch # freebsd-update install VI. Correction details The following list contains the correction revision numbers for each affected branch. Branch/path Revision - ------------------------------------------------------------------------- stable/8/ r260646 releng/8.3/ r260647 releng/8.4/ r260647 stable/9/ r260646 releng/9.1/ r260647 releng/9.2/ r260647 - ------------------------------------------------------------------------- To see which files were modified by a particular revision, run the following command, replacing NNNNNN with the revision number, on a machine with Subversion installed: # svn diff -cNNNNNN --summarize svn://svn.freebsd.org/base Or visit the following URL, replacing NNNNNN with the revision number: <URL:http://svnweb.freebsd.org/base?view=revision&revision=NNNNNN> VII. References <URL:https://kb.isc.org/article/AA-01078> <URL:http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2014-0591> The latest revision of this advisory is available at <URL:http://security.FreeBSD.org/advisories/FreeBSD-SA-14:04.bind.asc> -----BEGIN PGP SIGNATURE----- iQIcBAEBCgAGBQJS1ZTYAAoJEO1n7NZdz2rnOvQP/2/68/s9Cu35PmqNtSZVVxVG ZSQP5EGWx/lramNf9566iKxOrLRMq/h3XWcC4goVd+gZFrvITJSVOWSa7ntDQ7TO XcinfRZ/iyiJbs/Rg2wLHc/t5oVSyeouyccqODYFbOwOlk35JjOTMUG1YcX+Zasg ax8RV+7Zt1QSBkMlOz/myBLXUjlTZ3Xg2FXVsfFQW5/g2CjuHpRSFx1bVNX6ysoG 9DT58EQcYxIS8WfkHRbbXKh9I1nSfZ7/Hky/kTafRdRMrjAgbqFgHkYTYsBZeav5 fYWKGQRJulYfeZQ90yMTvlpF42DjCC3uJYamJnwDIu8OhS1WRBI8fQfr9DRzmRua OK3BK9hUiScDZOJB6OqeVzUTfe7MAA4/UwrDtTYQ+PqAenv1PK8DZqwXyxA9ThHb zKO3OwuKOVHJnKvpOcr+eNwo7jbnHlis0oBksj/mrq2P9m2ueF9gzCiq5Ri5Syag Wssb1HUoMGwqU0roS8+pRpNC8YgsWpsttvUWSZ8u6Vj/FLeHpiV3mYXPVMaKRhVm 067BA2uj4Th1JKtGleox+Em0R7OFbCc/9aWC67wiqI6KRyit9pYiF3npph+7D5Eq 7zPsUdDd+qc+UTiLp3liCRp5w6484wWdhZO6wRtmUgxGjNkxFoNnX8CitzF8AaqO UWWemqWuz3lAZuORQ9KX =OQzQ -----END PGP SIGNATURE-----
Every security advisory uses the following format:
Each security advisory is signed by the PGP key of the Security Officer. The public key for the Security Officer can be verified at AppendixD, OpenPGP Keys.
The name of the security advisory always begins with
FreeBSD-SA-(for FreeBSD Security Advisory), followed by the year in two digit format (
14:), followed by the advisory number for that year (
04.), followed by the name of the affected application or subsystem (
bind). The advisory shown here is the fourth advisory for 2014 and it affects BIND.
Topicfield summarizes the vulnerability.
Categoryrefers to the affected part of the system which may be one of
corecategory means that the vulnerability affects a core component of the FreeBSD operating system. The
contribcategory means that the vulnerability affects software included with FreeBSD, such as BIND. The
portscategory indicates that the vulnerability affects software available through the Ports Collection.
Modulefield refers to the component location. In this example, the
bindmodule is affected; therefore, this vulnerability affects an application installed with the operating system.
Announcedfield reflects the date the security advisory was published. This means that the security team has verified that the problem exists and that a patch has been committed to the FreeBSD source code repository.
Creditsfield gives credit to the individual or organization who noticed the vulnerability and reported it.
Affectsfield explains which releases of FreeBSD are affected by this vulnerability.
Correctedfield indicates the date, time, time offset, and releases that were corrected. The section in parentheses shows each branch for which the fix has been merged, and the version number of the corresponding release from that branch. The release identifier itself includes the version number and, if appropriate, the patch level. The patch level is the letter
pfollowed by a number, indicating the sequence number of the patch, allowing users to track which patches have already been applied to the system.
CVE Namefield lists the advisory number, if one exists, in the public cve.mitre.org security vulnerabilities database.
Backgroundfield provides a description of the affected module.
Problem Descriptionfield explains the vulnerability. This can include information about the flawed code and how the utility could be maliciously used.
Impactfield describes what type of impact the problem could have on a system.
Workaroundfield indicates if a workaround is available to system administrators who cannot immediately patch the system .
Solutionfield provides the instructions for patching the affected system. This is a step by step tested and verified method for getting a system patched and working securely.
Correction Detailsfield displays each affected Subversion branch with the revision number that contains the corrected code.
Referencesfield offers sources of additional information regarding the vulnerability.