If the mouse does not work, you will need to first configure
it before proceeding.
In recent Xorg
InputDevice sections in
xorg.conf are ignored in favor of the
autodetected devices. To restore the old behavior, add the
following line to the
ServerFlags section of this file:
Option "AutoAddDevices" "false"
Input devices may then be configured as in previous versions, along with any other options needed (e.g., keyboard layout switching).
As previously explained the hald daemon will, by default, automatically detect your keyboard. There are chances that your keyboard layout or model will not be correct, desktop environments like GNOME, KDE or Xfce provide tools to configure the keyboard. However, it is possible to set the keyboard properties directly either with the help of the setxkbmap(1) utility or with a hald's configuration rule.
For example if, one wants to use a PC 102 keys keyboard
coming with a french layout, we have to create a keyboard
configuration file for hald
x11-input.fdi and saved in the
directory. This file should contain the following
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="iso-8859-1"?> <deviceinfo version="0.2"> <device> <match key="info.capabilities" contains="input.keyboard"> <merge key="input.x11_options.XkbModel" type="string">pc102</merge> <merge key="input.x11_options.XkbLayout" type="string">fr</merge> </match> </device> </deviceinfo>
If this file already exists, just copy and add to your file the lines regarding the keyboard configuration.
You will have to reboot your machine to force hald to read this file.
It is possible to do the same configuration from an X terminal or a script with this command line:
setxkbmap -model pc102 -layout fr
lists the various keyboard, layouts and options
xorg.conf.new configuration file
may now be tuned to taste. Open the file in a text editor
such as emacs(1) or ee(1). If the monitor is an
older or unusual model that does not support autodetection of
sync frequencies, those settings can be added to
xorg.conf.new under the
Section "Monitor" Identifier "Monitor0" VendorName "Monitor Vendor" ModelName "Monitor Model" HorizSync 30-107 VertRefresh 48-120 EndSection
Most monitors support sync frequency autodetection, making manual entry of these values unnecessary. For the few monitors that do not support autodetection, avoid potential damage by only entering values provided by the manufacturer.
X allows DPMS (Energy Star) features to be used with capable monitors. The xset(1) program controls the time-outs and can force standby, suspend, or off modes. If you wish to enable DPMS features for your monitor, you must add the following line to the monitor section:
file is still open in an editor, select the default resolution
and color depth desired. This is defined in the
Section "Screen" Identifier "Screen0" Device "Card0" Monitor "Monitor0" DefaultDepth 24 SubSection "Display" Viewport 0 0 Depth 24 Modes "1024x768" EndSubSection EndSection
DefaultDepth keyword describes the
color depth to run at by default. This can be overridden with
-depth command line switch to
Modes keyword describes
the resolution to run at for the given color depth. Note that
only VESA standard modes are supported as defined by the
target system's graphics hardware. In the example above, the
default color depth is twenty-four bits per pixel. At this
color depth, the accepted resolution is 1024 by 768
Finally, write the configuration file and test it using the test mode given above.
One of the tools available to assist you during
troubleshooting process are the
Xorg log files, which contain
information on each device that the
Xorg server attaches to.
Xorg log file names are in the
exact name of the log can vary from
Xorg.8.log and so forth.
If all is well, the configuration file needs to be
installed in a common location where Xorg(1) can find it.
This is typically
cp xorg.conf.new /etc/X11/xorg.conf
Configuration with Intel i810 integrated chipsets
agpgart AGP programming
interface for Xorg to drive the
card. See the agp(4) driver manual page for more
This will allow configuration of the hardware as any
other graphics board. Note on systems without the
agp(4) driver compiled in the kernel, trying to load
the module with kldload(8) will not work. This driver
has to be in the kernel at boot time through being compiled
in or using
This section assumes a bit of advanced configuration knowledge. If attempts to use the standard configuration tools above have not resulted in a working configuration, there is information enough in the log files to be of use in getting the setup working. Use of a text editor will be necessary.
Current widescreen (WSXGA, WSXGA+, WUXGA, WXGA, WXGA+, et.al.) formats support 16:10 and 10:9 formats or aspect ratios that can be problematic. Examples of some common screen resolutions for 16:10 aspect ratios are:
At some point, it will be as easy as adding one of these
resolutions as a possible
Mode in the
Section "Screen" as such:
Section "Screen" Identifier "Screen0" Device "Card0" Monitor "Monitor0" DefaultDepth 24 SubSection "Display" Viewport 0 0 Depth 24 Modes "1680x1050" EndSubSection EndSection
Xorg is smart enough to pull the resolution information from the widescreen via I2C/DDC information so it knows what the monitor can handle as far as frequencies and resolutions.
ModeLines do not exist in
the drivers, one might need to give
Xorg a little hint. Using
/var/log/Xorg.0.log one can extract
enough information to manually create a
ModeLine that will work. Simply look for
information resembling this:
(II) MGA(0): Supported additional Video Mode: (II) MGA(0): clock: 146.2 MHz Image Size: 433 x 271 mm (II) MGA(0): h_active: 1680 h_sync: 1784 h_sync_end 1960 h_blank_end 2240 h_border: 0 (II) MGA(0): v_active: 1050 v_sync: 1053 v_sync_end 1059 v_blanking: 1089 v_border: 0 (II) MGA(0): Ranges: V min: 48 V max: 85 Hz, H min: 30 H max: 94 kHz, PixClock max 170 MHz
This information is called EDID information. Creating a
ModeLine from this is just a matter of
putting the numbers in the correct order:
ModeLine <name> <clock> <4 horiz. timings> <4 vert. timings>
So that the
Section "Monitor" for this example would
look like this:
Section "Monitor" Identifier "Monitor1" VendorName "Bigname" ModelName "BestModel" ModeLine "1680x1050" 146.2 1680 1784 1960 2240 1050 1053 1059 1089 Option "DPMS" EndSection
Now having completed these simple editing steps, X should start on your new widescreen monitor.
- 220.127.116.11. I have installed CompizFusion, and after running the commands you mention, my windows are left without title bars and buttons. What is wrong?
- 18.104.22.168. When I run the command to start CompizFusion, the X server crashes and I am back at the console. What is wrong?
I have installed CompizFusion, and after running the commands you mention, my windows are left without title bars and buttons. What is wrong?
You are probably missing a setting in
When I run the command to start CompizFusion, the X server crashes and I am back at the console. What is wrong?
If you check
(EE) NVIDIA(0): Failed to initialize the GLX module; please check in your X (EE) NVIDIA(0): log file that the GLX module has been loaded in your X (EE) NVIDIA(0): server, and that the module is the NVIDIA GLX module. If (EE) NVIDIA(0): you continue to encounter problems, Please try (EE) NVIDIA(0): reinstalling the NVIDIA driver.
This is usually the case when you upgrade Xorg. You will need to reinstall the x11/nvidia-driver package so glx is built again.